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Cholla Springs is a constituent region of the New Austin territory in Red Dead Redemption, Red Dead Redemption 2 and Red Dead Online.


It is the center of New Austin, bordering the counties of Gaptooth Ridge to the west, Río Bravo to the south, and Hennigan's Stead to the east. A small portion of the South-Eastern border is defined by the San Luis River, and the Redemption Mountains are to its north.

The area is a largely arid desert with a few shrubs and cactus. Most of the land is too arid and dry for farming, making cattle ranching a more preferable choice. Crime – particularly in the form of outlaw gangs – is prevalent, and so danger is common. The region consists of wide-open desert plains and low lying hills with small rocky canyons and cliffs with jagged peaks. Trees are almost non-existent. The largest source of water in the region is Lake Don Julio to the south.

Its capital is the town of Armadillo; once a small and diseased village in the 1890s, it has grown to be the largest and most well-known location in the entire state of New Austin by 1911. Aside from Armadillo, the county is mostly rural, littered with a few small ranches and a train station.

Locations in Cholla Springs

Native Plants


Red Dead Redemption
Red Dead Redemption 2


Red Dead Redemption 2

Red Dead Redemption


  • This region is likely named after the real-world Cholla Cactus, which can be seen throughout the New Austin and Nuevo Paraíso territories in-game.
  • Cholla Springs is the largest constituent region in the game.
  • In Spanish, Cholla means "head" or "ball" or uncommonly as slang for "woman".
  • A reference to the region is made in Grand Theft Auto V, there is a road in Sandy Shores that runs adjacent to one of the protagonist's homes called "Cholla Springs Avenue".

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