New Austin - Red Dead Redemption - Atlas

New Austin - Red Dead Redemption - Atlas

New Austin

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New Austin: the last real outlaw country. Where the old ways still hold true.
John Marston

New Austin is one of three territories in Red Dead Redemption and is also the largest. It is also known as the Frontier. In Red Dead Redemption 2, it is one of the five American territories, and the largest.


This territory is characterized as a largely rugged and arid wilderness in the process of settlement. As such, there is an expected presence of wild animals and outlaws. By the time of Redemption 2, it is the second least populated region, only surpassed of Ambarino.

Major industries in New Austin include farming, ranching, oil, and transportation. The territory has attracted some immigrants (domestic and foreign) to work on the railways and other developments occurring. New Austin also acts as a key region between US and Mexico trade. There are hints of the territory's previous Spanish/Mexican heritage, in terms of place names and architecture.

By 1907, the region is going through some hard times, as Armadillo has been hit by a cholera outbreak, and the Del Lobo Gang run frequent and terrorize civilians indiscriminately, with law enforcement and government being quite weak in responding to the crisis in the territory. Tumbleweed is the region's major settlement by this time, competing with Armadillo for a key railway connection.

By 1911, however, New Austin has stabilized somewhat, as Armadillo recovers from the outbreak and expands, winning the key railway connection and becoming a major hub of commerce in the area. However, Tumbleweed becomes abandoned and is overrun by more outlaw gangs, and while law enforcement is somewhat stronger, they still struggle to cope with the many outlaws that still inhabit the region.

The name of the region and its largest town as well as its border location, prominent fort, mines, and oil derricks all show a strong Texas influence.


RDR2 NewAustin

Map of the Southwestern US as shown in-game, with New Austin highlighted in red.

New Austin lies between Nuevo Paraíso to the south and West Elizabeth to the northeast. It comprises four regions: Cholla Springs, Gaptooth Ridge, Hennigan's Stead, and Río Bravo.

South of New Austin is the San Luis River, which acts as a natural border to Nuevo Paraíso. New Austin is also bordered to the east by Flat Iron Lake, which leads to the Lannahechee River and gives New Austin key water links to the rest of the United States. New Austin is bordered to the north by the Redemption Mountains, while the Sea of Coronado and more mountains border it to the west, giving the region a greater feel of isolation and remoteness.

The terrain of New Austin resembles aspects of several real Southwestern U.S. states.

  • Cholla Springs resembles the Sonoran Desert region of Arizona, including saguaro cactus, desert scrub, and prickly pears.
  • The scrub desert of Rio Bravo is strongly reminiscent of the Chihuahua Desert regions of New Mexico.
  • Gaptooth Ridge is mostly based on the Mojave Desert region of western Arizona with its Joshua trees, tan rocks, saguaro cactus, and rugged formations, with light influences from southern California and Nevada.
  • Hennigan's Stead resembles many parts of Texas; the central area is based on many areas in Central Texas such as Hill Country, whereas the bordering area with Cholla Springs is heavily based on Big Bend Country. Finally, the areas east of Stillwater Creek are bayous, and are based on the Gulf Coast region of Texas.

Locations in New Austin

The following is an alphabetical list of the 46 locations found in New Austin:

Hennigan's Stead

400px-New Austin hennigan'sstead

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Cholla Springs

400px-New Austin chollasprings

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Gaptooth Ridge

400px-New Austin gaptoothridge

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Río Bravo

400px-New Austin riobravo

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The discovery of locations in New Austin counts towards the following Trophies/Achievements:

10 gamerscoreGamerscore
Bronze bronzeBronze
Uncover every location on the map in Single Player.

25 gamerscoreGamerscore
Silver silverSilver
Complete Twin Rocks, Pike's Basin, and Gaptooth Breach hideouts in Single Player.

25 gamerscoreGamerscore
Silver silverSilver
Complete Fort Mercer and Nosalida hideouts in singleplayer.

25 gamerscoreGamerscore
Silver silverSilver
Complete Tumbleweed and Tesoro Azul hideouts in singleplayer.

100 gamerscoreGamerscore
Gold goldGold
Attain 100% List in the singleplayer game completion list.



  • In both games, the player can exit New Austin's defined boundaries into unmarked territory, without the game preventing them from doing so.
    • In Red Dead Redemption, there is an area north of MacFarlane's Ranch which is covered in snow; the in-game map shows that it is in-bounds, but seems to be outside of New Austin's political boundaries.
    • In Red Dead Redemption 2, the player can cross the Sea of Coronado to its western side, and can pass through two ravines and once again go outside of New Austin's defined boundaries on the map. This area has been used to glitch through into Mexico.

Red Dead Redemption

  • The railroad tunnel between Hennigan's Stead and Cholla Springs and the snow capped canyon in north Hennigan's Stead are some of the few places in the game where the player is, technically, off the map.
  • The racing track in Gaptooth Ridge is the westernmost point in the game.
  • As with the boundary between New Austin and West Elizabeth, the transition of the music when the player moves between New Austin and Nuevo Paraíso can take some time to register.
  • New Austin is the first area the player can roam in the first game whereas in the second game, it is the last area to be unlocked after the epilogue.

Red Dead Redemption 2

  • New Austin is unavailable until after the epilogue. However, it can be entered early using a glitch.
  • Arthur Morgan in New Austin has his own unique dialogue and journal drawings from that of John Marston, even though Arthur never visits New Austin in the storyline. It is likely that Arthur was originally supposed to visit New Austin, but this was cut from the game.
  • Despite New Austin being the second largest territory in the game, only one story mission in Red Dead Redemption 2 is set in the state, "An Honest Day's Labors".
  • New Austin is the only American state in the game that does not share a border with New Hanover.
  • After the events of the Blackwater Massacre, all of West Elizabeth south of the Upper Montana River was put under lockdown by the Pinkertons. Although this was a device put in the game to prevent the player from straying to New Austin early, it is possible to evade the chasing Pinkertons long enough to reach New Austin, where one can see on the game map that New Austin was also put under the same lockdown with all of southern West Elizabeth as well.
  • The cholera epidemic that is plaguing Armadillo in 1907 has caused much of the state to flee in fear, including the MacFarlane family and much of MacFarlane's Ranch.
  • Testament to the rapid growth of the region in the four years (1907-1911) between Red Dead Redemption and Red Dead Redemption 2, much of New Austin is underdeveloped and sparsely populated. The settlements of MacFarlane's Ranch, Thieves Landing, and Rathskeller Fork lack amenities such as a safehouse, general store, gunsmith, etc. In contrast by 1911, the once-prosperous town of Tumbleweed was completely abandoned as a result of the railroad being built to nearby Armadillo instead.
  • Unlike every other town in the game, the three major settlements in this region don't have a visible outline on the map in their neutral state. One appears only if the town if provoked enough to cause a lockdown.

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